18. tra 2014.

Horrible news on the killed lynx in Bosnia and Herzegovina shocked the region

World organizations for nature protection WWF and IUCN are shocked by a photo that was published yesterday. It shows four hunters from Fojnica who killed a lynx in the bottom of the Vrtača mountain. They bragged with the photo on their Facebook profile. Lynx is a specie protected by the Law on Hunting of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as by the same Law in all the countries of the region and in the entire Europe.

''By the fact that a lynx was killed not only the law was disturbed, but a permanent damage has been made to Bosnia and Herzegovina by destruction of its natural goods that belong to the whole nation. The priority of WWF is to protect large carnivores whose population is endangered in the entire region by the loss of habitats, lack of food and poaching,'' Leon Kebe from WWF set off. He also added that the law that is in force needed to be followed and that the perpetrators had to be punished.

''The problem of poaching is present in our region. Except for the consequent obedience of the law, resolution of this problem requires the mobilization of numerous interest groups, above all ofthe hunting associations, raising awareness and education on the significance of nature protection and conservation of endangered species,'' said Boris Erg, the Director of IUCN Programme Office for South-Eastern Europe.

It is estimated that the lynx population in the entire Europe counts 8000 units. In our region the lynx settles in the Carpathian and Dinaric mountains and in Macedonia. Each unit is of exceptional value according to the small number of lynx populations.

The European population of the lynx reached its critical point at the end of 1950s when the lynx number lapsed to only 700 units. Numerous organizations and institutions dealing with wildlife protection have strived to increase the number of units since then. Although the number of lynx units has increased to approximately 8000, it is still not enough for the stable and healthy population. The increase of numerosity needs to continue and each direct threat (including poaching as the biggest one) has to be removed.

Another two workshops of valuation assessment of protected areas Kopaonik and Tara National Park were held in the organization of WWF

 NP Tara
As a part of the regional project Dinaric Arc Parks, a WWF team organized two workshops of valuation assessment of protected areas in Serbia on February 25th and 27th in national parks Tara and Kopaonik. 56 representatives of interested sides took part in the workshops, including representatives of the parks, local communities, youth organizations, hunting associations, representatives of service industries and private forest owners in the parks. Mr Vladimir Nikolić from the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia took part on the workshop in Tara National Park.

How can a protected area be valued? It is one of the questions that is of increasing interest to the employees of protected areas and local communities in these areas. The valuation and benefit of many parks in the region are assessed through an example of the WWF project Dinaric Arc Parks. By now WWF has held 23 workshops for the representatives of protected areas in seven countries in the region (Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Slovenia, Albania) with the intention to answer the problem of methodology of valuation assessment of protected areas. Four workshops were held in Serbia – in national parks Fruška Gora, Đerdap, Tara and Kopaonik.

The methodology has been designed in order to help agencies, organizations and institutions for nature protection in collecting and ordering the information of total benefit from the protected areas. Value and benefit assessment are implemented due to promotion and raising awareness of local inhabitants, support in making decisions, understanding influence of the society, finding funds and necessity for reports.

Assessment of this methodology has enabled a collection of information of total value of national parks and nature parks in the region, not only from economic and tourist point of view, but also from social, cultural and above all ecological aspect for services and resources that parks need to offer and develop.

It is also a particular help to Serbia and other countries of the region that have signed the UN Convention on Biological Diversity in assessment of the Strategic Plan for the CBD and its 20 aims (''Aichi Biodiversity Targets'') for decrease of losses and pressures upon biodiversity and its preservation, its conditioning and conservation of benefits that we get from biodiversity and assurance of strenghtening of capacities.

Aleksandra Stamenković, WWF

Another phase of the archaeological dig at the medieval fortress Nečven

Nečven
Through the cooperation of the Public Institute of Krka National Park and the Drniš Museum, another phase of the archaeological dig has been completed at the medieval fortress Nečven, situated in the village of the same name to the west of Promina, on the edge of a steep cliff on the left bank of the Krka River.

Systematic research of this locality began in September 2011. The works were preceded by the drafting of the architectural and geodetic documentation. The premise for these documents was the layout of the fortress from 1895, which was published by Grgur Urlić Ivanović in the first edition of the journal Starohrvatska prosvjeta (Early Croatian Education).

The initial objective of the research was to uncover the architecture and determine the perimeter walls of the fortress. During 2012, the ruins of a structure outside the fortress and the southeastern external defensive wall were investigated. Between this wall and the internal circular tower, a bread oven was found virtually in its entirety, and underneath it was a large quantity of ash and ceramic fragments. Over the next year, the oven was restored and the entrance partially reconstructed. In addition to the architectural remains, the dig also unearthed numerous metal and ceramic artefacts, which were transferred to the restoration workshop of Krka National Park for further processing.

The systematic research of the Nečven fortress has observed the continuity of life in this area from the medieval period to the present day. The research and conservation works at Nečven, as a cultural and historical monument, are part of the broader strategy of the Public Institute of Krka National Park, aimed at preserving the originality and at presenting the cultural and historical heritage of the park area.

Tihana Jurić, Public Relations Krka National Park

Dovršena još jedna faza arheoloških iskopavanja na srednjovjekovnoj utvrdi Nečven

Nečven
Suradnjom Javne ustanove NP “Krka” i Gradskog muzeja Drniš dovršena je još jedna faza arheoloških iskopavanja na srednjovjekovnoj utvrdi Nečven, smještenoj u istoimenom selu na zapadnoj strani Promine, na rubu strmih litica na lijevoj obali rijeke Krke.

Sustavna istraživanja tog lokaliteta počela su u rujnu 2011. godine. Prethodila im je izrada arhitektonske i geodetske dokumentacije, kojoj je polazna točka bio tloris utvrde iz 1895. što ga je Grgur Urlić Ivanović objavio u prvom broju časopisa Starohrvatska prosvjeta.

Početni cilj istraživanja bilo je otkopavanje zatrpane arhitekture i utvrđivanje perimetralnih zidova utvrde. Tijekom 2012. godine istraženi su ostaci jednog objekta izvan utvrde i jugoistočni vanjski obrambeni zid. Između tog zida i unutarnje kružne kule pronađena je, gotovo u cijelosti sačuvana, krušna peć, ispred koje se nalazila veća količina pepela i ulomaka keramičkih posuda. Sljedeće godine peć je konzervirana, a ulaz djelomično rekonstruiran. U tim arheološkim istraživanjima pronađeni su, osim ostataka arhitekture, brojni metalni i keramički artefakti, koji su proslijeđeni na daljnju obradu u restauratorsku radionicu NP “Krka”.

Sustavnim istraživanjem utvrde Nečven prati se kontinuitet života na tom prostoru od srednjeg vijeka do današnjih vremena. Istraživanja i konzervatorski radovi na Nečvenu kao kulturnopovijesnom spomeniku dio su šire strategije JU “NP Parka” u cilju očuvanja izvornosti i prezentacije kulturnopovijesne baštine Parka.


Tihana Jurić, Odnosi s javnošću Nacionalni park „Krka“

Speleološki vodič Nacionalnog parka “Krka” za 29. rođendan

Miljacka
Speleološki vodič Nacionalnog parka “Krka” predstavlja presjek speleoloških i biospeleoloških istraživanja na širem području NP “Krka” provođenih od 1956. do 2010. Istraženo je više od sto speleoloških objekata, od toga 65 na području NP “Krka”. Među njima se ističu špilja Miljacka II (najduža topografski snimljena špilja na području Parka), Stara jametina (najdublja poznata jama), Sedrena špilja iza mlina, Trogrla jama, te dvije špilje: Oziđana pećina i Jazinka. U speleološkim objektima zabilježeno je 129 svojti, novih predstavnika špiljske faune, te stabilna populacija čovječje ribice i neke za znanost nove svojte iz skupine pauka, lažištipavaca, kopnenih jednakokožnih rakova, striga i dvojenoga.

Terra Incognita, u trajanju od 30 min, prikazuje podzemna staništa i životinje u trima osnovnim područjima: ulaznoj zoni, zoni polumraka i zoni mraka. Od podzemnih kopnenih životinja obrađeni su, prema stupnju njihove prilagođenosti životu u podzemlju, troglobionti – organizmi koji žive isključivo u podzemnim prostorima, troglofili – organizmi koji žive u nadzemlju, ali su dovoljno prilagođeni špiljskim uvjetima da mogu živjeti i u podzemlju, subtroglofili – organizmi koji koriste špilje za određeni dio životnog ciklusa, npr. za hibernaciju, razmnožavanje i sl., i troglokseni – organizmi koji slučajno dospijevaju u podzemlje, gdje ugibaju ili preživljavaju do izlaska na površinu. a od vodenih, također prema stupnju njihove prilagođenosti životu u podzemlju i u skladu s navedenim nazivima kopnenih organizama, stigobionti, stigofili, substigofili i stigokseni.

U filmu je prikazan tek dio velike raznolikosti živog svijeta (poznato je ukupno 175 vrsta), neke vrlo važne, rijetke i endemične svojte, kao i nekoliko znanosti nepoznatih vrsta.

Katia Župan, Odnosi s javnošću Nacionalni park „Krka“


"Birthday edition" of The Speleological Guide to Krka National Park

Miljacka
The Speleological Guide to Krka National Park represents a cross-section of the speleological and biospeleological research conducted throughout the park area from 1956 to 2010. More than one hundred speleological structures have been researched, and of these, 65 lie within the boundaries of Krka National Park. Among them is the cave Miljacka II (the longest topographically mapped cave in the park area), Stara Jametina pit (deepest known pit), Travertine cave behind the mill, Three-neck pit, and two caves: Oziđana pećina and Jazinka. A total of 129 taxa were recorded in the speleological structures, including new representatives of the cave fauna, and a stable population of olm and certain taxa new to science from the groups of spiders, pseudoscorpions, terrestrial isopods, centipedes and millipedes.

Terra Incognita, a 30 minute film, shows the underground habitats and the animals within them in three basic zones: entrance zones, semi-dark zone and dark zone. The subterranean terrestrial animals are covered based on their level of adaptation to life underground, as troglobionts (organisms that live exclusively in subterranean areas), troglophiles (organisms that live above ground, but are sufficiently adapted to cave conditions that they can also live underground), subtroglophiles (organisms that use caves for a certain part of their live cycle, such as for hibernation, reproduction, etc.), and trogloxenes (organisms that incidentally found their way underground, where they either die or survive until resurfacing again). The aquatic organisms were also covered based on their level of adaptation to life underground, and in line with the names for the terrestrial organisms, the categories are: stigobionts, stigophiles, substigophiles and stigoxenes.

The film shows just a portion of the great diversity of the living world (of the total known 175 species), some of which are very important, rare and endemic taxa, as well as several species that were previously unknown to science.


Katia Župan, Public Relations Krka National Park

17. tra 2014.

WWF pokrenuo proces osnivanja asocijacije Parkovi Dinarskog luka

Sastankom u Podgorici predstavnici zaštićenih područja iz šest zemalja regije Dinarskog luka postavili temelje osnivanju asocijacije koja će parkovima omogućiti lakšu razmjenu iskustava, promocije te razvijanje novih projekata 

Slavica Georgiev,Leon Kebe, Goran Gugić, Zoran Mrdak, Amarildo Muli i Goran Matić na prvom sastanku radne grupe

Nakon što su nacionalni parkovi i parkovi prirode iz naše regije potkraj prošle godine, tijekom druge Međunarodne konferencije Parkovi Dinarskog luka u Budvi, izrazili želju da se ujedine u službenu asocijaciju, predstavnici parkova iz BiH, Crne Gore, Hrvatske, Makedonije, Slovenije i Srbije okupili su se ovoga tjedna u Podgorici s ciljem planiranja statuta i aktivnosti buduće asocijacije. Trodnevnim dogovorima ustanovljeno je da će asocijacija „Parkovi Dinarskog luka“ biti osnovana u veljači 2015. godine, a njezino sjedište bit će u Crnoj Gori, Hrvatskoj ili Srbiji.

Sedmero predstavnika zaštićenih područja regije predvođeno bivšim direktorom NP Triglav Martinom Šolarom i domaćinom, direktorom Javne ustanove Nacionalni parkovi Crne Gore Zoranom Mrdakom, raspravljalo je o planu razvoja asocijacije. Među glavnim ciljevima osnivanja asocijacije istaknuti su umrežavanje parkova, tehnička podrška u stručnom smislu i što bolja promocija parkova. Ustanovili su da bi asocijacija trebala pomoći zaštićenim područjima regije u privlačenju fondova, kao i u zajedničkom razvoju projekata.

„Crna Gora i JPNPCG su kroz dokument 'Big Win for Dinaric Arc' dali podršku daljnjim naporima cijele regije i WWF-a u umrežavamju zaštićenih područja. Želimo razvijati crnogorske parkove u skladu sa standardima koji su dati kroz konvencije, dobre prakse i rad postojećih institucija i asocijacija poput Europark Federacije“, istaknuo je Zoran Mrdak. „U našoj je regiji sazrjelo vrijeme da imamo parkovsku asocijacu, koja može dati doprinos na više polja daljem razvoju zaštićenih područja, u smislu razmjene ideja i stručnjaka, te promocije koja je bitna i za nacionalnu ekonomiju. Priroda nema granica, imamo dosta prekograničnih područja u regiji. Kroz ovu asocijaciju svi pojedinačni napori bit će objedinjeni i asocijacija može u operativnom smislu odigrati značajnu ulogu i uspostaviti standarde za zaštitu prirode“.

WWF će pripremiti nacrt statuta i plana rada, koji će biti razmotren na sljedećem sastanku ove radne grupe u srpnju na Bledu. Parkovima će cijeli program biti predstavljen u oktobru na Brijunima, tijekom treće Međunarodne konferencije Parkovi Dinarskog luka. Aktivnosti asocijacije tijekom prve tri godine bit će financirane uz pomoć WWF-a i samih parkova, nakon čega bi asocijacija trebala postati u potpunosti samostalna i samoodrživa.

“Posljednja točka dokumenta ‘Big Win for Dinaric Arc’, koji su ministri regije usvojili na našoj konferenciji u Budvi, govori da se države obvezuju podržati asocijaciju Parkova Dinarskog luka. Uz želju parkova da se ujedine u formaliziranoj asocijaciji, i ta je činjenica pridonijela organiziranju ovog sastanka i osmišljavanju plana za asocijaciju”, ističe voditelj WWF-ova projekta Parkovi Dinarskog luka Leon Kebe. “Ta će asocijacija u budućnosti biti čvrsti partner WWF-a koji će nam dati još bolje mogućnosti za uspjeh u očuvanju prirode. Naš je cilj podići važnost zaštićenih područja na političkoj agendi svake države i upravo ovakvom asocijacijom to ćemo moći lakše postići”.

U anketi koju je WWF proveo uoči ovotjednog sastanka u Podgorici brojni su parkovi izrazili želju za osnivanjem ovakve asocijacije. U kojoj od triju predloženih država će biti njezino sjedište ovisit će o suradnji s ministarstvima i vodećim parkovima u svakoj od tih država.